Bluefin Damsel, Neoglyphidodon melas is also known as the Royal Damsel or the Zulu Damsel. Another common name, Bowtie Damsel, comes from the adult coloration (juvenile coloration pictured) where the body darkens and dark stripes appear near the gill area, thus resembling a bow tie.
The Bluefin Damsel is characterized by a white body and yellow top, with blue pectoral and anal fins. Juveniles are White with Yellow dorsal region, Blue ventral region; Adults are Gray-Black with Bluish fins and Black bands near the gills.
Bluefin Damsel are very hardy, great as starters! As they get bigger, they have the tendency to pick on weaker fish, though they get along fine with others.
In the wild, the Bluefin Damselfish is usually solitary and often associated with soft corals on which it feeds. In the aquarium, the juvenile is generally peaceful but becomes quite aggressive as it matures. It should only be kept with other large aggressive species. Only one Bluefin Damselfish should be kept per aquarium, unless it is very large. It may be a threat to shrimp, and may nip at soft corals.
General Size Specifications: The Wild Bluefin Damsel can be upto six inches long whereas typical captive grows upto four inches. Even 6.5 inches long Bluefin Damsels have been found.
Minimum Tank Size: A minimum of 55 gallons of tank size is required for Bluefin Damsels to move freely.the other conditions required are Temperature ranging from 75 to 82 degree Fahrenheit, sp. Gravity between 1.020 and 1.025, pH ranging from 8.1 to 8.4.
Feeding and Diet: The Bluefin Damsel are omnivores that thrive with a variety of prepared and frozen foods. The diet for Bluefin Damsel consists of flake and frozen foods such as brine shrimp. They do fine in a tank with plenty of hiding places and open swimming areas. Often found swimming in schools. These fishes are reef safe.
Habitat: The Bluefin Damsel is found in the Indian & Pacific Oceans and Great Barrier reef and also in parts of Red sea. Damsels are hardy and are reef safe. They will swim actively at all levels of the aquarium. It is fairly aggressive (moreso as an adult) and is a great fish for aquarists of all experience levels.