The Shovelnose Shark is a requiem shark that is also known as the bullShark, the bay shark, the lazy-gray, and the black whaler. It is charcoal colored on top and white with copper-colored markings below. It has a faint pale stripe along its sides. The female Shovelnose Sharks are slightly larger than males. It lives at all levels of the ocean and from the shoreline to out at sea. It is found in warm temperate and tropical waters worldwide. It migrates to cooler waters during warm weather, probably for reproduction and feeding. This shark is often seen following ships and is hunted as a game fish. Overfishing is diminishing the numbers of this shark. Females are mature when they are 9 ft long and have litters of about 10 pups which are roughly 3 ft \ long each. There is a 16 month gestation period.
The Shovelnose Shark which grows to a length of about 1.7 metres, ranges from the intertidal down to a depth of 43 feet and is commonly encountered by divers from central California to the Sea of Cortez. The Shovelnose Shark have pavement-like teeth that can result in a thorough 'gumming' of anything larger than their normal prey of worms, clams, crabs, and small fishes.
The broad disc of Shovelnose Shark is greater in length than width, have a relatively smooth dorsal surface except for a single row of thorns around the eyes and extending along the back and tail. A snout is long, pointed with rounded tip. Teeths are small, rounded, pebble-like. A first dorsal fin originates closer to the pelvic fin base than to the caudal fin origin and have a thick tail and a moderately large caudal fin without a distinct lower lobe.
Shovelnose Sharks mating takes place between April and May, resulting in as many as 28, 6-inch pups.
Maximum Size: The Shovelnose Shark grow upto a maximum of 7 ft in length.
General size: This fish generally comes in 3 to 4 ft in length.
Habitat: The bull shark is found close to shore and can live for a while in fresh water, frequenting estuaries, rivers and lakes. It has been found up to 1,750 miles (2800 km) up the Mississippi River in the USA and 2,500 miles (4000 km) up the Amazon River in Peru. It has been found in Lake Nicaragua (Central America) and the Zambezi River
Diet and Feeding: The shovelnose shark eats fish (including other sharks and rays), turtles, birds, mollusks, crustaceans, and dolphins. It will eat almost anything.