Longspine Black Urchin - Diadema savignyi Taxonomy:
Longspine Black Urchin belongs to the Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Echinodermata, Class Echinoidea, Order Diadematoida, Family Diadematidae, Genus Diadema and Species savignyi.
Scientific names: The scientific name of Longspine Black Urchin is Diadema savignyi.
Other common names: Longspine Black Urchin is also commonly known as Blue Eye Urchin and Long Spined Sea Urchin.
Origin or natural range: Diadema savignyi originates from the Indo-Pacific region.
Size: Longspine Black Urchin may grow up to a size of around three inches.
Color: Diadema savignyi occurs in Black and Brown colors.
Aggression: Longspine Black Urchin is non-aggressive towards the marine aquarium invertebrates.
Compatibility: Diadema savignyi is reef compatible.
Venom status: The spines of Longspine Black Urchin are slightly poisonous.
Habit & Habitat:
- In its natural habitat, Diadema savignyi is found in groups.
- Longspine Black Urchin is Nocturnal in habit and therefore, comes out at night to feed, while remaining hidden during the day time.
Growth enabling environment in your marine aquarium: Aquarium habit & habitat:
- The Black colored body of Diadema savignyi is striped with Light Blue color.
- There is a Red colored eyespot situated at the center of the body of Longspine Black Urchin.
- The spines of Diadema savignyi are long, thin and quite brittle and have alternating black and white bands.
Feeding & Nutrition:
- Tank type: To host Longspine Black Urchin, you should have a Reef Type Marine Aquarium.
- Aquarium set-up:
- The water capacity of the reef tank should be minimum fifty gallons per Longspine Black Urchin.
- Keep corals or rocks and sand or gravel for Diadema savignyi to hide in.
- Give ample movement space to Longspine Black Urchin in your marine aquarium.
- Keep an aggressive fish and Longspine Black Urchin in the same reef tank.
- Temperature of water: Seventy-two to seventy-eight degrees Fahrenheit.
- Specific gravity of water: 1.023 to 1.025.
- pH of water: 8.10 to 8.40.
- Acclimation: Slowly acclimate Diadema savignyi to your marine aquarium’s environment through the Slow Drip Acclimation Method. The slow acclimation process may generally require a minimum time period of two hours.
- Diet: Longspine Black Urchin is Omnivorous in feeding habit.
- Food content: Diadema savignyi eats Green Hair Algae or Green Filament Algae, especially Coralline Algae.
- Supplements: On a weekly basis, you may supplement the diet of Longspine Black Urchin with a Sand Shrimp, vegetable flakes and some dried seaweed.
- Diadema savignyi is moderately difficult to maintain.
- Longspine Black Urchin is quite brittle and can fragment easily. Therefore, handle it very carefully and delicately.
- Copper and Nitrates in any form in your marine aquarium may prove lethal for the Diadema savignyi therein.
- If the Longspine Black Urchin in your reef tank sheds its spines then it reflects the compromised water quality of your tank.
- Sudden fluctuations in the pH and the specific gravity of water in your marine aquarium may give pH shock and salinity shock, respectively, to the Diadema savignyi in it.
- Do not keep Puffers with Longspine Black Urchin in the same reef tank.
Owing to its venomous nature, Diadema savignyi should be maintained and handled by the expert aquarists only.Caution:
- Longspine Black Urchin may bulldoze polyps, thereby damaging the corals in your marine aquarium. Therefore, keep Diadema savignyi in a large sized reef tank to prevent any congestion.
- Dead Longspine Black Urchin is poisonous and therefore, should be immediately removed from your marine aquarium after its death.
- The spines of Diadema savignyi are slightly venomous and its sting can be painful for you. Therefore, handle Longspine Black Urchin very carefully with your plastic gloves on.